Information systems or System Color Matching are the methods used to resolve consistency in the design process. This is applied to maintain the accuracy and consistency of natural colors. Color is a special spectrum that is available in a perfect light room (white).
Identity with color is determined by the wavelength of the light. For example blue has a wavelength of 460 nanometers. Color wavelengths that can still be added by human eyes are between 380-780 nanometers.
The color mixing process is known in two ways, namely Additive color mixing and Substractif color. Additive color mixing is the primary color mixing of light consisting of RGB, Red, Green and Blue colors, where mixing the three primary colors with the same amount will produce white. The combination of two primary colors will produce secondary colors. Secondary colors are Cyan (a combination of green and blue), magenta (a combination of blue and red) and yellow (a combination of red and green). The principle of additive color mixing is applied to monitors, TVs, videos, scanners and others.
Subtractive colors are secondary colors from the Additive color. This Subtractive Color is formed with transparent color pigments. Printing ink is an example of Subtractive color mixing. Subtractive colors consist of Cyan, Magenta and Yellow, in theory the mixing of the three Subtractive colors will produce black, but the reality in practice that comes out is dark brown because of the limitations of printing ink pigments. Therefore added black or black which is stated with the symbol K derived from the word Key to increase its concentration. Currently CMYK colors become the standard in color printing processes in the graphics industry.
Back to color matching, today, the most popular color matching system in the print industry is the Pantone Matching System or PMS. This Pantone guide is very much needed in the printing, publishing and packaging industries. And to make it easier for users to mix colors, there are several ink software created using Pantone color guidelines. One ink software is UniMix.
This UniMix software was developed by Union Ink, a PC-based software integrated with Pantone Color using Union ink series for textiles such as Mixopake, Automatch and Unimatch ink series. This software will calculate the ink requirements for the desired color and the number of each component that must be mixed to produce the required amount of new colors. This software will calculate based on usage, area of image and number printed.
Users can also choose the unit of weight used, whether gram, kilo, pounds and so on. This software also has Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) or ink security technical data sheets offered by Union Ink. This technical data sheet will be stored in PDF format.
Unfortunately this software can only be used for the use of plastisol ink. The average manufacturer of waterbase ink and silicon ink does not have software like this because waterbase and silicon inks have separate dyes or pigments. One of the ink producers of Waterbase which has the Pantone Matching System software is Japan’s Matsui Ink.